Preventive Care Service

Preventive care is any medical service that defends against health emergencies. It includes doctor visits, such as annual physicals. Some medicines are preventive, such as immunizations, contraception, and allergy medications. Screenings, such as tests for skin cancer, high cholesterol, and colonoscopies, are effective preventive measures.

Colorectal Screening referral and follow up

Follow recommended screening intervals based on age and family history:

  • Average risk
  • Positive family history

Follow recommended surveillance intervals for patients:

  • Post-polypectomy
  • Adenoma surveillance
  • Surveillance after first surveillance colonoscopy
  • Serrated polyp surveillance
  • Post-cancer resection

Lung Cancer Screening referral and follow up

The only recommended screening test for lung cancer is low-dose computed tomography (also called a low-dose CT scan, or LDCT). During an LDCT scan, you lie on a table and an X-ray machine uses a low dose (amount) of radiation to make detailed images of your lungs. The scan only takes a few minutes and is not painful.


Cervical Cancer Screening

The USPSTF recommends screening for cervical cancer in women age 21 to 65 years with cytology (Pap smear) every 3 years or, for women age 30 to 65 years who want to lengthen the screening interval, screening with a combination of cytology and human papillomavirus (HPV) testing every 5 years.


Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening

The USPSTF recommends one-time screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with ultrasonography in men ages 65 to 75 years who have ever smoked. … The USPSTF recommends against routine screening for AAA in women who have never smoked.


Blood Pressure Screening

The Seventh Joint National Committee recommends screening for high blood pressure at least once every 2 years in adults with blood pressure less than 120/80 mm Hg and every year in adults with blood pressure of 120 to 139/80 to 89 mm Hg.


Depression Screening

The USPSTF recommends screening for depression in the general adult population, including pregnant and postpartum women. Screening should be implemented with adequate systems in place to ensure accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and appropriate follow-up.


Diabetes Screening

The USPSTF recommends screening for abnormal blood glucose as part of cardiovascular risk assessment in adults aged 40 to 70 years who are overweight or obese. Clinicians should offer or refer patients with abnormal blood glucose to intensive behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthful diet and physical activity.


Health Diet Physical

Eating well helps to reduce the risk of physical health problems like heart disease and diabetes. It also helps with sleeping patterns, energy levels, and your general health. Having a healthy, balanced diet plays an important role in your overall health and wellbeing.


Activity Counseling to prevent Cardiovascular disease

The USPSTF recommends offering or referring adults who are overweight or obese and have additional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors to intensive behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for CVD prevention.


Hepatitis Screening

The USPSTF recommends screening for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in persons at high risk for infection. The USPSTF also recommends offering 1-time screening for HCV infection to adults born between 1945 and 1965. See the Clinical Considerations for more information on risk factors for HCV infection.


Hypothyrodism Screening

Screening:

  • The ATA recommends beginning TSH screening in all adults at age 35, with repeat tests every 5 years.
  • The AACE recommends routine TSH screening in older patients, with no specified age.
  • The USPSTF continues to recommend against routine screening for thyroid disease among nonpregnant adults.

Obseity Screening and counseling

The USPSTF recommends that clinicians screen all adult patients for obesity and offer intensive counseling and behavioral interventions to promote sustained weight loss for obese adults.

Rationale: The USPSTF found good evidence that body mass index (BMI), calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared, is reliable and valid for identifying adults at increased risk for mortality and morbidity due to overweight and obesity. There is fair to good evidence that high-intensity counseling—about diet, exercise, or both—together with behavioral interventions aimed at skill development, motivation, and support strategies produces modest, sustained weight loss (typically 3-5 kg for 1 year or more) in adults who are obese (as defined by BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). Although the USPSTF did not find direct evidence that behavioral interventions lower mortality or morbidity from obesity, the USPSTF concluded that changes in intermediate outcomes, such as improved glucose metabolism, lipid levels, and blood pressure, from modest weight loss provide indirect evidence of health benefits. No evidence was found that addressed the harms of counseling and behavioral interventions. The USPSTF concluded that the benefits of screening and behavioral interventions outweigh potential harms.


Skin Cancer Behavioral Counseling

The USPSTF recommends that clinicians selectively offer counseling to adults older than 24 years with fair skin types about minimizing their exposure to UV radiation to reduce risk of skin cancer. Existing evidence indicates that the net benefit of counseling all adults older than 24 years is small.


Tobacco use counselling and intervention

Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of disease, disability, and death in the United States. Interventions to help adults quit smoking might stop or reduce tobacco-related illness.
Our Goal: To systematically review evidence for the effectiveness and safety of pharmacotherapy and behavioral tobacco cessation interventions among adults, including pregnant women and those with mental health conditions, and to conduct a de novo search for primary evidence related to electronic nicotine delivery systems for adults.


Unhealthy Alcohol use screening and counselling

The USPSTF recommends screening for unhealthy alcohol use in primary care settings in adults 18 years or older, including pregnant women, and providing persons engaged in risky or hazardous drinking with brief behavioral counseling interventions to reduce unhealthy alcohol use.

Annual check-ups immunizations

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